Technology has consistently been at the cutting edge of human education. From the ancient times to the day present, most of the students are furnished with technologically updated and smart devices when needed. This is the technology that brought the educational capabilities to a level when a human entered the space traversing the boundaries of the world. When looking at the progress in educational fields made by technology, someone can imagine the future world education.
The use of wooden paddles with printed lessons in the Horn-Books enabled the students to read the written verses in the Colonial age. Then technology achieved a milestone after 200 years approximately when there was a Magic lantern, the earliest version of a slide projector projecting the images on glass plates. Finally, a time came, when technology shook the world with a series of inventions like bringing on-air education by radio, over-head projector followed by ballpoint and headphones, quick calculations made by handled calculator after a bundle of publication made by the photocopier to the invention of the computer which after the introduction of the internet, condensed even cut off the distances by the use of multimedia screens in classrooms.
The role of technology:
Technology has influenced almost every single aspect of life, and education seems to be top of the list. For instance, if we sight a look in today’s class, we can depone the sitting of students in rows, listening to their teacher, pointing their classmates, few look bored and some are sleeping in the class. In this way, it looked that technology has done nothing in the world of the classroom.
But when we see the use of tablets, computers, and some other electronic smart devices in classrooms, then a gentleman is compelled to say technology has expanded access to education. Technology has supplemented our lives and made it easier, increased our access to knowledge, and revolutionized the way we interact. Because, there is no need to wander here and there in search of any information when you can have it on your fingertips, by the use of internet and electronic devices which are the services done by technology in the field of education. There are many opportunities for formal learning and ease of access to them leads us to the commendation of the technology.
Today, a day in the classroom without the use of technology will be a rare occurrence. According to a study conducted by Front Row Education, 75% of teachers state they use technology for their students regularly. In many schools, tablets and laptops are now commonplace. These technological-based devices can be equipped with educational programs and applications for children, and teachers can easily monitor student success using this technology.
Students are simply ecstatic when they feel able enough to access the same technological-based software as experts do. Learning to use the machine and its use in a way that they equate with the external world gives students a feeling of empowerment.” Our society puts a high emphasis on technology. The use of technology could be costly sometimes but it makes addition to the technical skills of students. By providing students with technological resources, we are indirectly endorsing their schoolwork. Students know the importance of technological implementation in their work
Effects of technology on classroom and students:
Over time, switches of technology not only changed and fasten the sources of getting education for the students but also formulated many changes in their behavior. Technology created an easy way for teachers to educate the students and to facilitate them in an approached manner. The effects of technology on students and the classroom can be listed as:
Boosting motivation and self-esteem:
When we are talking about the effects of technology on students, how we can deny the point of motivation and self-esteem. This is the most important thing which technology created in the upcoming generations. Technology-based activities sometimes surprise the people in the classroom by the attainments and accomplishments made by the students. Maybe these students have proved to be less productive without the use of technology.
A saying of an elementary school teacher, Students prefer the immediate results. It is not the result for them, which we get anywhere else except on the computer.
Technology is the ultimate carrot for the students. Lookalike; it is something that they were finding for a longer period. It made them more enthusiastic, self-esteemed, and more excited to come into the class. A comment was made by a fifth-grade teacher.
According to another elementary school teacher, Students look motivated to use technology, it is proved an empowering tool to students and that looks incredibly positive.
These comments of the teachers, educating the students in the technology-based classes prove an increase in motivation and self-esteem in the students.
Constructing technical skills in students:
Students in the past were only skilled to do some conventional activities to get an education like reciting, memorizing, and writing the stuff until each of them called had been called upon which consumed much time to get an education. Moreover, even in the 21st century, students of non-technical courses or those from the fields without the use of computers were not able to use technology-based electronic devices. Now the students are familiar with the different techniques of study because of the use of technology-based devices even the elementary school students can achieve remarkable levels of proficiency with a wide variety of computer applications. Although the particular computing resources used will most likely evolve when these students join the working world, they will gain a clear understanding of how different groups of programming tools function as well as faith in their ability to learn new tools to facilitate their learning of new software applications.
Proficiency in the accomplishment of complex tasks:
When the technology was not upgraded as it can be found today, the accomplishment of the works needed much to be completed. As the technology evolved, the graph of time consumption decreased. Not only in the fields of education, but in all fields of daily life. Technology-assisted students in a way can do more complex tasks and assignments, with higher-order skills and great proficiency in a smart way. All this becomes possible by technology which shortens the work duration and made it more precise for students.
Increased use of external resources:
Technology increased the use of plenty of external resources for the students which proved to be beneficial for them. Using these resources, they can do a task efficiently ever than before when development in technology was on its way. Students feel confident with the technology used in the class. Technology ultimately breaks their limit to just remain in a single-class world.
Continuous collaboration with Peers:
In the absence of technology, there was limited time connection between the students and teachers or with their fellow students. Continuous collaboration with each other makes the education more interesting and innovative. They like to perform group tasks, field assignments and do them with great cooperation. Peer tutoring enables them to stick to their research with the continuous assistance of their teacher. Students found to be very cooperative and an increased frequency of them was helping each other when every single student provided his computer. Tasks provided in the technology-based classrooms contain many subtasks that increase the factors for collaboration between the students. Those students who are proficient in technological and specific computer skills feel pride and enjoyment while helping their peers.
Troubles of technology:
Technology is widely regarded as a boon to educating the students – as it is in other aspects of life. In a few taps or clicks, you can get the most up-to-date material on the subject; you can learn from home if you’re sick; and you can even enroll in a university and can pursue your study, on the other side of the world while physically attending the classes in your own country. Blackboards were replaced by screens in the classroom, tapes were replaced by YouTube channels, and augmented reality environments and educational video games were introduced. So can anyone still thinks, are there any disadvantages mighty revolution of the technology?
No doubt, the use of technology in the classrooms comes with a bundle of benefits and proved to be a quicker solution to many tasks. It also involves furnishing the teachers with advanced tools to measure student’s performance, exploring a new world around them. But technology looks to be more harmful when it comes to helping the students to get them to succeed.
Educational institutions are providing helping hands to the students by providing technological devices to them. Those students are found to be at the risk of failure, they are granted with these devices. Many students don’t feel comfortable with the use of predictive software. They may know that how critical thinking important for their educational career.
There are still the drawbacks of technological advancement, unfortunately. All of these can be summarized in a nutshell: the human brain has yet to respond further to the exponential advancement in technology and the massive amount of data it now has to handle continuously.
Distraction of students from the study:
New technological advancements should be followed by a culture of sophistication. Perhaps, there is not a complete way to keep kids and teenagers from engaging in non-productive behaviors at study time. They’re very good at getting around constraints, both institutional and physically, such as gadget locking. They learn to play games and hack with technology much more easily than they learn to use them for learning.
There are numerous instances where students simply prefer games during class and attempt to search for the correct answer by external sources without ever considering the issue. They’ve grown and made a mind that any idea has already been conceived by humankind and published online; they don’t consider a point in reinventing the wheel when they can simply ask their device for the correct answer.
Technology destroying critical thinking:
We have inundated with knowledge thanks to digital technologies. We don’t have the time or mental resources to double-check every detail, so our overworked brain gives up and recognizes it as reality. Many students regard Wikipedia as a reliable source of study material, even though it is uploaded by ordinary people which can be students themselves with no proof filed expertise and even everyone can edit it. They don’t even search the references mentioned at the bottom of each post from which they can guess or make an idea of the reality of the literature.
Often students get proceeded to Google, search for the answers and consider the top one as factual data only to be found. The visibility of the page is equivalent to the source’s reputation for them, which is not the case. Aftermaths of this study could be very dangerous when people can’t even tell the difference between real and artificial in upcoming life because their scrutiny systems have been overwhelmed since childhood.
Technology does not fulfill all students’ needs:
We quickly adapt to new inventions in this technological world. Many that carrying smart devices by birth, feel difficulty distinguishing between online and offline conversations, companies, and associates. They have almost identical meanings that elicit the same feelings in our minds. But we aren’t all brain animals. Other bodily interactions are needed for us to grow and feel healthy. Perhaps the most accurate portrayal or case would not be able to replace performing the practical itself – the opportunity to touch, smell, see, feel, and experience anything you created yourself.
The wonder of creating anything into existence, whether it’s a fire ignited by our forefathers, pottery or cloth production by the medieval probationer, or a machine put together by a student of the technological hour, remains the same. Time measures the happiness of doing. Digital and e-learning are simple to comprehend, but it is very complex to be completely accepted and stamped in our minds. The students need more diverse spark than just visual and auditory. For our instinctual learning processes to begin, we must first see a case. While many of us are now comfortable with technology, the majority of us will have no idea how to create and manage the websites and apps on which we have become so dependent.
How is classroom technology holding students back?
Most children in the developed countries use digital learning technologies in education, and schools are gradually following a “one-to-one” approach of providing each child a digital computer — often an iPad. Educators are almost unanimous in their eagerness for technology. Regrettably, the proof is at best ambiguous. Few studies have discovered positive effects from moderate computer usage, especially in the field of mathematics. However, much of the evidence points to a negative effect. It seems that the most disadvantaged students are the ones who are most likely to be affected by an overdose of technology — or, at the very least, not improved. What is the reason; these technological devices are not completely effective when it comes to learning? Several theories have been proposed. Students learn less detail when reading text on a tablet than when reading it on paper, for example. However, there are simpler explanations as well. We face incorporating a wider digital gap if we don’t pay heed to these.
Learning has become much faster and more affordable thanks to technological advancements. But the biggest issue is that they appear out of nowhere from our range, with no cultural instruction manual. We can’t avoid and shouldn’t be forbidden the use of technology in the classroom. However, we must foster a tradition of allowing them in classrooms, similarly, that has long-time existed for the use of books. Technological inventions can be very useful when studying, but we can learn them on our own and teach others how to use them correctly.
The probability and need of using technology in classrooms do not necessitate a complete ban on its use in schools. It would not be fair to the students if we did not instruct them properly to use the technologies that their practical life has great involvement of these. Because technology-based skills are much considered in almost every job sector. It is, however, important to achieve the right balance by integrating the use of technologies with conventional teaching expertise. For example, having access to the internet makes it easier to complete homework assignments, but teachers must be careful of students who are copying from references or visit Wikipedia to find their answers.
The technology in the classrooms might be created a revolution in the educational system and proved very assistive when it is the matter of sticking and holding students back to the classes. But after a complete analysis of the role of technology and its effects on students’ life, we can say that technological advancement and development should not replace traditional methods completely, and even it cannot fulfill every need of student instead of its prominent role in their life. Because it will lead to the inefficiency of students in their self-based skills and destroying their critical-thinking abilities.